A range of rare and restricted-range species occupy the forest landscape.
Leopard use the corridor seasonally and the two forests are also home to a variety of endemic vertebrates, invertebrates and plants.
Technically, most of the corridor is protected either within the park or the reserve. However, there has been no active management in Mt Rungwe for decades and TANAPA staff are only now addressing deforestation in this steep and remote landscape.
The corridor is encroached upon, and still being logged, hunted and cut for charcoal.
Davenport, T.R.B., De Luca, D.W., Jones, T., Mpunga, N.E., Machaga, S.J. & Picton Phillipps, G. (2008) The Critically Endangered kipunji Rungwecebus kipunji of southern Tanzania: first census and conservation status assessment. Oryx 42 (3): 352-359