Region: Kagera
Type: B - Uncultivated lands between protected areas without documentation on animal movement.
Threat: Critical - probably less than 3 years remaining.


The western boundary of the Burigi Game Reserve (GR) lies close to the border with Rwanda and the southern tip of Akagera NP in Rwanda. Between these two wildlife areas sits the Kimisi GR on the Tanzanian side, and thus part of this corridor area has legal protection; however, part of the corridor is unprotected land within Tanzania between Kimisi GR and the Akagera NP.

The corridor is threatened by refugee encampments at Greater Benaco that lie between the border town of Rusumu and Kasulo 20kms away, and Kilale Hill. An influx of over 600,000 refugees had a devastating impact on the Kimisi and Burigi GRs.

The Burigi-Akagera and Burigi-Moyowosi/Kigosi Corridors
The Burigi-Akagera and Burigi-Moyowosi/Kigosi Corridors

The Burigi-Akagera and Burigi-Moyowosi/Kigosi Corridors


Buffalo.jpgThe area contains miombo and water-loving species of large mammal including buffalo, bushbuck, eland, giraffe, impala, hartebeest, reedbuck, roan, sable, sitatunga, topi , waterbuck, warthog and zebra.

The principal economic benefits from these species are through tourist hunting with very little photographic tourism currently occurring. There is no information on migratory routes between Burigi and Akagera.


Following the refugee influx in 1994, great reductions in all large herbivore species were noted as refugees sought meat and firewood from the GRs.

The Kagera Kigoma Game Reserves Rehabilitation Project has strengthened GR management, law enforcement and developing management plans with the goal of conserving ecosystem biodiversity and improving the livelihoods of people living adjacent to the GRs.

Many refugees have returned home but many have also stayed.


Jambiya, G., Milledge, S., Mtanfo, M. (2007) Nighttime Spinach. IUCN report.