The area contains miombo and water-loving species of large mammal including buffalo, bushbuck, eland, giraffe, impala, hartebeest, reedbuck, roan, sable, sitatunga, topi , waterbuck, warthog and zebra.
The principal economic benefits from these species are through tourist hunting with very little photographic tourism currently occurring. There is no information on migratory routes between Burigi and Akagera.
Following the refugee influx in 1994, great reductions in all large herbivore species were noted as refugees sought meat and firewood from the GRs.
The Kagera Kigoma Game Reserves Rehabilitation Project has strengthened GR management, law enforcement and developing management plans with the goal of conserving ecosystem biodiversity and improving the livelihoods of people living adjacent to the GRs.
Many refugees have returned home but many have also stayed.
Jambiya, G., Milledge, S., Mtanfo, M. (2007) Nighttime Spinach. IUCN report.