The area contains miombo and waterloving species of large mammal including buffalo, bushbuck, eland, elephant, giraffe, impala, hartebeest, hippopotamus, reedbuck, roan, sable, sitatunga, topi, waterbuck, warthog and zebra.
The principal value of these species is through tourist hunting with very little photographic tourism in the area. The extent to which these species are found in the corridor is not known.
Influx of refugees into Benaco resulted in heavy poaching. Large numbers of permanent poaching camps can be seen within the Moyowosi and Kigosi GRs, as well as cattle, saw pits and signs of agriculture.
Some species in Moyowosi and Kisigo GRs declined over this period such as warthog and hippopotamus, but many populations remained stable. Elephant numbers have risen.
The Kagera Kigoma Game Reserves Rehabilitation Project has strengthened GR management and law enforcement, and developed management plans with the goal of conserving ecosystem biodiversity and improving the livelihoods of people living adjacent to the reserves.
Jambiya, G., Milledge, S., Mtanfo, M. (2007) Night time Spinach. IUCN report.
Barnes, R., Craig, G., Dublin, H., Overton, G., Simons, W, Thouless, C. (1999) African elephant database 1998. IUCN paper 22.
Blanc, J., Thouless, C., Hart, J., Dublin, HDouglas-Hamilton, I., Craig, G., Barnes, R. (2003) African elephant status report 2002. IUCN paper 29.
WTEP (1997) A rapid assessment of large mammal distribution in Biharamulo and Shinyanga, Tanzania. Report to IUCN/SSC African Elephant Specialist, Group.