In the past, high demand for arable land compelled people to encroach on the Kitendeni corridor, with prices fetching up to the equivalent of $1000 per acre. As a result, the width of the Kitendeni corridor was reduced from 10 km in 1990 to 5 km in 2000. The rate at which the corridor was disappearing mobilized government officials and communities to demarcate the corridor.
The African Wildlife Foundation is involved in securing a solution for this area and have negotiated the acquisition of the West Kilimanjaro Ranch; and area of 75,000 acres which has been set aside for conservation. Eight villages in the corridor are part of a WMA encompassing approximately 680 km2.