Manyara-Ngorongoro
(Upper Kitete/ Selela)

Region: Arusha , Manyara
Type: D - Known animal movement routes between two protected areas.
Threat: Extreme - probably less than 1 year remaining or already closed.

Description

In 1978, the upper Kitete corridor was assigned an NCAA nature reserve (i.e. under the jurisdiction of the Ngorongoro Conservation Area Authority) with the intention to maintain a route for wild animal movements from the Northern Highland Forest (northern highlands) to the lowlands below the rift escarpment.

The Selela corridor extends from the lowlands, particularly the Selela groundwater forest to Lake Manyara NP. Therefore, the upper Kitete/Selela corridor (2 km wide and 10 km long) is a key feature along the Great Rift Valley that connects Ngorongoro Conservation Area and the Lake Manyara NP.

The Manyara Ranch-Lake Natron and Manyara-Ngorongoro Corridors
The Manyara Ranch-Lake Natron and Manyara-Ngorongoro Corridors

The Manyara Ranch-Lake Natron and Manyara-Ngorongoro Corridors

Wildlife

ElephantThe upper Kitete/Selela corridor is utilised by elephants and buffalo.

Threats

Outside the southern edge of the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, the increased human settlement and cultivation caused interruption to the movement of elephants, buffalo, and other large animals from the northern Highland FR to the lowlands below the escarpment.

Even though cultivation was stopped, homes, domestic livestock and cattle dips still exist in the corridor. All areas adjacent to the corridor are settled and cultivated by local people.

References

L. Mangewa (in press) Ecological Viability of Upper Kitete-Selela Migratory Corridor in the Tarangire-Manyara Ecosystem, Tanzania: Implications to African Elephant And Buffalo Movements. Proceedings of TAWIRI Conference 2007.