Elephant are known to use the area, and human-elephant conflict is not uncommon. There are reports of a seasonal round, with elephants passing through the northern area from Muhezi toward Swaga Swaga early in the wet season, returning via the south of Bahi later in the year.
Preliminary genetic evidence suggests that Ruaha elephants (including Rungwa-Kizigo-Muhezi) may be more closely related to Tarangire than Selous elephants, but the population structure is far from clear.
Kudu, impala and eland are also reported, though it is not clear whether they move through the area, or are locally resident in habitat remnants or simply disperse from Muhezi and SwagaSwaga.
Cultivation is probably the largest single threat to the area. Clearing of thicket for charcoal or cultivation may eliminate local refuges within the corridor.
Some mining occurs in the area, with known uranium anomalies and calcrete deposits around the Bahi Swamp, but whether mining these resources will affect wildlife or use of the corridor is not clear.
The hydrology of the Bahi swamp may also be affected by diversions associated with mining or irrigation.
Coppolillo et al. (2006) Final report for Fish and Wildlife Elephant Grant.