The corridor was once vital to 25 large mammal species, some of which (including elephant) move between the two parks. Field observations two decades ago suggested that elephants moved from Lake Manyara NP into the corridor via Marang forest (adjacent to Lake Manyara NP) then proceeded to Tarangire NP via the Lake Burungi Area.
Some populations of bushbuck, impala and vervet monkey together with livestock utilize the corridor throughout the year.
The corridor faces sets of conflicting land uses such as agriculture versus livestock keeping, and settlement, agriculture, phosphate mining, cattle holding and fishing versus wildlife management and conservation. So far eight large mammal species - eland, hartebeest, buffalo, oryx, lesser kudu, cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus), leopard and lion - are locally extinct. The extinction is attributed to growth in settlements and agriculture which block animal movements, and poaching and human disturbance.
Of the five historical migratory routes in the corridor, only three persisted in 1998. Management Zone Plans (MZP) and General Management Plans (GMP) are envisaged as a way to rescue the area in the current absence of full protection by law. Establishment of WMAs and Biodiversity Conservation Projects such as Api-Agro-foresty in appropriate land units may be useful.
Hassan, S.N. (2007) Impacts of space use by humans on large mammal species diversity in the Kwakuchinja-Mbugwe wildlife Corridor, Northern, Tanzania. Tanzania Journal of Forestry and Nature Conservation 76, 134-143.
Goldman M.J. (2006) Sharing Pastures, Building Dialogues: Maasai and Wildlife Conservation in Northern Tanzania. Unpublished PhD thesis, Department of Geography, University of Wisconsin—Madison, Madison, WI